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Asthma

Asthma is a disease which causes difficulty in breathing. Its symptom can vary from mild to severe. Sometimes during asthma attack patients feels sudden onset breathlessness. Such attacks happen due to narrowing of inflamed airways. Asthma and allergy can run in families.

COPD

COPD is obstructive lung disease which causes difficulty in breathing. This is due to in COPD airway tubes becomes permanently narrowed and inflamed and/or alveolar wall are damaged, causing the symptoms of COPD and tiredness. COPD is a serious illness.

FLU

The flu is a viral infection caused by influenza virus. Besides seasonal flu, there is also the "swine" flu which cause caused worldwide outbreak in 2009-10 (Pandemic). Bird flu ("avian flu") is a severe form of the flu that is caused by a type of flu virus that first infected birds. Most important strain for humans is H1N1 and H3N2

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is infectious disease cause by bacteria called ‘Mycobacterium tuberculosis’. It most commonly involves lungs. It can also involve lymph nodes, abdomen, brain and other organs. Its very common in India.

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer happens when normal cells of lung become abnormal and multiply very rapidly and abnormally. There are various types based on structure and response to treatment. Its one of the most common cancer and also leading cause of cancer related mortality worldwide.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a lung infection usually caused by bacteria, sometimes by viruses or fungi also. It could be either ‘Community acquired’ pneumonia in most of the patients. In some patients who are hospitalised for long time may get ‘Hospital acquired’ Pneumonia, which is difficult to treat.

Sleep Apnea (SNORING)

Sleep apnea is a condition in which persons stops breathing for few seconds to minute while sleeping. There are 2 type. Obstructive and Central Obstructive sleep apnea is usually due to blockage in upper respiratory tract which includes nose and throat.

Pleural Effusion

Pleural effusion is accumulation of fluid around (not inside) the lungs. Most common causes include infections like tuberculosis, pneumonia; heart failure, kidney disease, cancer etc
Treatment depends on your symptoms and the cause. If effusion is small, it may be taken out with needle for tests.

Pneumothorax (Collapsed Lung)

A pneumothorax occurs when air leaks out of the lung and accumulates in pleural space between lung and chest wall. This is one of the causes of collapsed lung. Its severity varies from mild to severe based on amount of air collected. Severe pneumothorax can be life threatening and needs immediate treatment.

Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial lung disease a group of lung disorders which causes inflammation and sometimes scarring in the lungs. This leads to difficulty inn oxygenation of blood. Treatment depends on what is the cause and how severe is the disease. If its because of infection, you will be prescribed medicine.

Pulmonary Thrombo-Embolism (Blood clot in the lungs)

Pulmonary embolism (or "PE") is a blockage the blood vessels that supply blood from hearth to the lungs for oxygenation. Usually it is caused by blood clots in leg veins. Sometimes it can also be caused by air bubble, fat globules or tumour pieces.

Acute Bronchitis

Bronchitis is infection and inflammation of bronchi- tubes that carry oxygen in the lungs. Usually bronchitis occurs after a person gets cold or flu and is usually viral infection initially. Antibiotics may not act during this phase. If it gets secondarily infected with bacteria, antibiotics would be required. We will discuss regarding acute bronchitis here. Chronic bronchitis is something that smoker may get.

COVID-19

COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered corona virus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.